Zero draft .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform

Très belle liste de veux pieux qui aurait dû être mise en force dès le moyen âge. Malheureusement, la Rome antique à démantelé la démocratie au profit de l’empire afin de pouvoir gouverner sans l’assentiment du peuple, soit disamment « en le représentant »…

Jamais cette liste ne pourra être réalisée tant et aussi longtemps que le système politique représentatif totalitaire sera en place et tant et aussi longtemps que le système monétaire capitaliste oligarchique aura force de loi…

Échec du système économique monétaire capitaliste oligarchique, du système gouvernemental politique représentatif totalitaire et du système juridique législatif administratif bureaucratique.

http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html

Zero draft .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform

Zero draft

Introduction and Proposed Goals and Targets on Sustainable Development for the Post2015 Development Agenda

Poverty eradication is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. We are therefore committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.

We recognize that poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development.

We reaffirm that climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, and we express profound alarm that emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise globally. We underscore that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, with a view to accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions.

We reaffirm our commitment to fully implement the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg Plan of Implementation) and the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Barbados Programme of Action) and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. We also reaffirm our commitment to the full implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011-2020 (Istanbul Programme of Action), the Almaty Programme of Action: Addressing the Needs of Landlocked Developing Countries within a New Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation for Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries, the political declaration on Africa’s development needs, and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development. We also reaffirm our commitment to the Programme of Action of the ICPD, the Beijing Platform of Action, and the Outcome document of the September 2013 special event to follow up efforts made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

We reaffirm that we continue to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, with full respect for international law and its principles. We further reaffirm the importance of freedom, peace and security, respect for all human rights, including the right to development and the right to an adequate standard of living, including the right to food, the rule of law, good governance, gender equality, women’s empowerment and the overall commitment to just and democratic societies for development. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other international instruments relating to human rights and international law.

We recognize that people, of all ages and abilities, are at the centre of sustainable development and, in this regard, we strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and we commit to work together to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development and environmental protection and thereby to benefit all.

We call for holistic and integrated approaches to sustainable development that will guide humanity to live in harmony with nature and lead to efforts to restore the health and integrity of the Earth’s ecosystem. We acknowledge the natural and cultural diversity of the world, and recognize that all cultures and civilizations can contribute to sustainable development.

We affirm that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions.

We recognize that each country faces specific challenges to achieve sustainable development, and we underscore the special challenges facing the most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing the middle-income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.

We reaffirm all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.

We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen international cooperation to address the persistent challenges related to sustainable development for all, in particular in developing countries. Sustainable development can only be achieved with a broad alliance of people, governments, civil society and the private sector, all working together to secure the future we want for present and future generations.

We reaffirm that the means of implementation identified in Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development and the Doha Declaration on Financing for Development are indispensable for achieving the full and effective translation of sustainable development commitments into tangible sustainable development outcomes. In this regard, we look forward to the report of the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing and the substantive outcome of the third International Conference on Financing for Development in July 2015.We reiterate that each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development and that the role of national policies, domestic resources and development strategies cannot be overemphasized. We reaffirm that developing countries need additional resources for sustainable development. We recognize the need for significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources and the effective use of financing, in order to promote sustainable development. We acknowledge that good governance and the rule of law at the national and international levels are essential for sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger.

We also acknowledge that the implementation of sustainable development goals will depend on the active engagement of all public and private stakeholders. A robust mechanism of implementation review will be essential for the success of the SDGs. The High Level Political Forum is to play a key role in this regard.

Sustainable Development Goals are accompanied by targets and will be further elaborated through indicators focused on measurable outcomes. They are action oriented, global in nature and universally applicable to all countries, while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities. These goals constitute an integrated, indivisible set of global priorities for sustainable development. Targets are defined as global targets, with each government setting its own national targets guided by the global level of ambition but taking into account national circumstances.The goals and targets integrate economic, social and environmental aspects and recognize their interlinkages in achieving sustainable development in all its dimensions.

List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030

1. End poverty everywhere

2. End hunger, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

3. Attain healthy lives for all

4. Provide quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all

5. Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere

6. Ensure availability and sustainable use of water and sanitation for all

7. Ensure sustainable energy for all

8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

9. Promote sustainable infrastructure and industrialization and foster innovation

10. Reduce inequality within and between countries

11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe and sustainable

12. Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

13. Tackle climate change and its impacts

14. Conserve and promote sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources

15. Protect and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, halt desertification, land degradation and biodiversity loss

16. Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice for all, and effective and capable institutions

17. Strengthen the means of implementation and the global partnership for sustainable development

Proposed goal 1. End poverty everywhere

1.1 by 2030, bring to zero the number of people living in extreme poverty, currently estimated at less than $1.25 a day in low income countries

1.2 by 2030, reduce by at least half the proportion of people of all ages living below national poverty definitions

1.3 by 2030, implement nationally appropriate social protection measures including floors, with a focus on coverage of the poor and people in vulnerable situations

1.4 by 2030 secure equal access for all men and women, particularly those most in need, to basic services, the right to own land and property, productive resources and financial services, including microfinance

1.5 by 2030 build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations to disasters, shocks and climate-related extreme events

1.a. ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources to provide adequate and predicable means to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions

1.b Create sound policy frameworks, at national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor development strategies to ensure accelerated investments in poverty eradication actions

Proposed goal 2. End hunger, improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

2.1 by 2030 end hunger and ensure that all people have access to adequate, safe, affordable, and nutritious food all year round

2.2 by 2030 end all forms of malnutrition, with special attention to stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating women

2.3 by 2030 substantially increase small-scale food producers’ productivity and incomes, particularly of women, family farmers and pastoralists through secure access for all to productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services and markets

2.4 by 2030 implement sustainable and resilient agricultural practices including for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought and disasters, and progressively enhance soil quality

2.5 by 2020 maintain genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and their wild relatives, and ensure access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledgeas internationally agreed

2.a increase investment in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, technology development, and capable institutions, particularly in countries that are net food importers

2.b. phase out all forms of agricultural export subsidies

2.c. end extreme food price volatility including through improved functioning and regulation of food commodity markets and improved market information

2.d create and diversify seed and plant banks, including with traditional varieties, at national, regional and international levels, to safeguard seed and genetic plant diversity

Proposed goal 3. Attain healthy lives for all

3.1 by 2030 reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

3.2 by 2030 end preventable newborn, infant and under-five deaths

3.3 by 2030 end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases

3.4 by 2030 reduce substantially morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) through prevention and treatment, promote mental health and wellbeing, and strengthen prevention and treatment of narcotic drug, alcohol, and substance abuse

3.5 by 2030 halve deaths from road traffic accidents

3.6 achieve universal health coverage (UHC), including financial risk protection, access to essential health care services, and access to safe, effective and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all

3.7 by 2030 substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from air (indoor and outdoor), water and soil pollution

3.a strengthen implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries who have ratified the Convention and urge countries that have not ratified it to ratify and implement it

3.b support research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines, and support developing countries’ use of TRIPS flexibilities

3.c increase substantially the recruitment, development and training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in LDCs

Proposed goal 4. Provide quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all

4.1 by 2030 provide all children access to quality early childhood care and pre-primary education

4.2 by 2030, ensure all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes

4.3 by 2030 ensure equal access for all to affordable quality tertiary education, including university

4.4 by 2030 promote life-long learning, provide employable skills especially to young women and men, and increase by at least x% adult literacy and basic numeracy

4.5 by 2030, eliminate gender disparities and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for people in vulnerable situations, including persons with disabilities

4.6 by 2030 integrate into education programs knowledge and skills necessary for sustainable development, human rights, gender equality, promoting a culture of peace and non-violence and culture’s contribution to sustainable development

4.a by 2030 increase by x% the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, and ensure safe, inclusive and effective learning environments for all

4.b by 2020 expand by x% globally the number of scholarships for students and government officials from developing countries in particular LDCs to enrol in higher education, including vocational training, programmes in developed countries and other developing countries

4.c build and upgrade education facilities that are child and gender sensitive and provide safe and inclusive learning environments

Proposed goal 5. Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere

5.1 end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls

5.2 eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in public and private spaces and end their trafficking and sexual exploitation

5.3 eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations

5.4 recognize and redistribute unpaid care and domestic work through shared responsibility within the family and the provision of appropriate public services

5.5 ensure full and effective participation and leadership of women at all levels of decision-making in the public and private sectors

5.6 ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights in accordance with the Programme of Action of the ICPD and the Beijing Platform for Action

5.a ensure women’s equal right to own and control assets and productive resources

5.b by 2030 achieve universal access to ICT for women and men to promote women’s empowerment

5.c promote sound, enforceable and monitorable legislation and policies for the promotion of gender equality at all levels

Proposed goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable use of water and sanitation for all

6.1 by 2030, achieve universal access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

6.2 by 2030, achieve adequate sanitation and hygiene for all, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls

6.3 by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping of chemicals and hazardous materials, doubling wastewater treatment and increasing recycling and reuse by x% globally

6.4 by 2030, improve water-use efficiency by x% across all sectors and bring freshwater withdrawals in line with sustainable supply

6.5 by 2030 implement integrated water resources management at all levels, and through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

6.6 by 2030 decrease by x% mortality and y% losses caused by water-related disasters

6.a by 2030, expand international cooperation and support in water and sanitation related technologies, including water harvesting and desalination technologies and wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

Proposed goal 7. Ensure sustainable energy for all

7.1 by 2030 ensure universal access to affordable, sustainable and reliable energy services

7.2 double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030

7.3 double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030

7.4 by 2030 phase out fossil fuel production and consumption subsidies that encourage wasteful use, while ensuring secure affordable energy for the poor

7.a enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy technologies, including advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and promote public and private investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technologies

7.b by 2030 expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all, particularly in LDCs

Proposed goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

8.1 achieve transformation of economies towards higher levels of productivity through diversification with a focus on high value added sectors

8.2 create a sound macroeconomic environment with employment-friendly policies and an enabling environment at national, regional and international levels for productive investment, creativity and innovation, and formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises

8.3 achieve progressively through 2030 global resource efficiency, and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation and resource use

8.4 by 2030 achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

8.5 take immediate and effective measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, and by 2020 end child labour in all its forms

8.6 protect the rights and ensure safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers and those in precarious employment in accordance with ILO norms and standards

8.aimprove Aid for Trade support for developing countries, notably through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for LDCs

Proposed goal 9. Promote sustainable infrastructure and industrialization and foster innovation

9.1 support the development of quality, reliable, safe, sustainable and resilient infrastructure for energy, water, waste management, transport, ports and ICT, with a focus on affordable access for all

9.2 improve regional and trans-border infrastructure to promote regional connectivity and integration and to facilitate trade

9.3 create decent industrial jobs and significantly raise industry’s share of employment and GDP in line with national circumstances, including doubling manufacturing’s share in LDCs by 2030

9.4 ensure that small-scale industrial and other enterprises, particularly in LDCs, have affordable access to credit and are integrated into national, regional and global value chains and markets

9.5 by 2030 upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with greater adoption of clean technologies and environmentally sound industrial processes, with developed countries taking the lead and all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

9.a. facilitate sustainable infrastructure development, with emphasis on enhanced financial and technical support to LDCs

9.b. ensure a conducive policy environment at all levels for industrial development, promoting entrepreneurship and innovation, with special attention to national circumstances in developing countries

9.c.enhance R&D activities and upgrade technological capabilities including access to environmentally sound technologies in all countries

Proposed goal 10. Reduce inequality within and between countries

10.1 through 2030 sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average

10.2 by 2030 take actions to empower and promote the social and economic inclusion of all irrespective of race, ethnicity or economic status

10.3 reduce inequalities of opportunity and outcome, including through eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard

10.4 progressively adopt policies especially fiscal policies to promote greater equality

10.5 improve regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen implementation of such regulations

10.6 facilitate orderly, safe, and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and managed migration policies

10.7 by 2030, ensure equitable representation and voice of developing countries in decision making in global institutions of governance and development

10.a respect the principle of special and differential treatment for least developed countries in relevant international agreements including the WTO

10.b direct ODA and encourage financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to states where the need is greatest, in particular LDCs, African countries, SIDS, and LLDCs

10.c by 2030, reduce to less than 5% the transaction costs of migrant remittances

Proposed goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe and sustainable

11.1 by 2030, ensure universal access to adequate and affordable housing and basic services for all, eliminate slums and upgrade informal settlements

11.2 by 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport for all, and expand public transport

11.3 enhance capacities for integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management for all, and reduce urban sprawl

11.4 by 2030 halve the number of deaths and decrease by 50% economic losses relative to GDP caused by natural disasters

11.5 by 2030, ensure universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible public spaces, particularly for women and children and people with disabilities

11.a integrate economic and social links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas into national and regional development planning

11.b by 2020, increase by x% the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resilience, mitigation and adaptation to climate change and natural disasters

11.c support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, for sustainable buildings utilizing local content and materials

Proposed goal 12. Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

12.1 by 2030, all countries have integrated policies and measures to promote sustainable consumption and production patterns into national strategies and plans, as envisioned in the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on sustainable consumption and production (10YFP)

12.2 by 2030 reduce by half global food waste and production and post-harvest food losses and those along food supply chains

12.3 promote the sound management of chemicals and hazardous wastes in accordance with agreed international frameworks and by 2030 significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil

12.4 by 2030, substantially reduce all waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.5 increase the share of private sector actors incorporating sustainable development principles in their business practices, and by 2030 increase substantially the number of companies, especially large companies, that report on corporate social and environmental responsibility, including through integrated reporting

12.6 by 2030 substantially increase the share of public procurement that is sustainable

12.a promote the transfer and dissemination to developing countries of environmentally sound technologies that improve energy and resource efficiency

12.b assist developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacities to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

12.c by 2030 ensure that people everywhere have information and understanding needed to live sustainable lifestyles

12.d by 2030 develop and implement planning and monitoring tools for sustainable tourism which creates jobs, promotes local culture and products, and safeguards the world’s cultural and natural heritage

Proposed goal 13. Tackle climate change and its impacts [*]

13.1 strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate induced hazards and natural disasters in all countries

13.2 integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation into national strategies and plans

13.3 improve education, awareness raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, impact reduction, and early warning

13. a ensure the fulfilment of the commitment undertaken by developed country Parties to a goal of mobilizing jointly USD100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation

Proposed goal 14. Conserve and promote sustainable use oceans, seas and marine resources

14.1 by 2030, prevent and control, and reduce by x% globally, marine pollution of all kinds, particularly from land-based activities

14.2 by 2020, sustainably manage, restore and protect marine ecosystems from destruction, including by strengthening their resilience, and address ocean acidification and its impacts

14.3 by 2020, effectively regulate harvesting, end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices, to restore by 2030 fish stocks at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield

14.4 By 2020, conserve at least 10% of coastal and marine areas, including through establishing effectively managed marine protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, consistent with international law and based on best available scientific information

14.5 by 2020, eliminate fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, taking into account the importance of this sector to developing countries, notably least developed countries and SIDS

14.a increase scientific knowledge, and transfer of marine technology, and develop research infrastructure and capacities to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular SIDS and LDCs

14.b by 2030 increase the economic benefits to SIDS and LDCs from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture, tourism and provide equitable access of small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

14.c enforce international law on territorial waters to stop illegal fishing and exploitation of marine resources in territorial waters, particularly of developing countries

Proposed goal 15. Protect and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, halt desertification, land degradation and biodiversity loss

15.1 by 2020 ensure conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems, in particular wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with international agreements

15.2 by 2030, ensure the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, and increase reforestation by x% globally

15.3 by 2030, achieve a land degradation neutral world, and restore degraded land including land affected by desertification and drought

15.4 by 2020 take urgent and significant action to halt the loss of biodiversity, and protect and prevent the extinction of known threatened species

15.5 by 2030, end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna, and end demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

15.6 by 2020 introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems

15.a by 2020, mobilize and significantly increase from all sources financial resources to implement the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020

15.b mobilize significantly resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management, and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance sustainable forest management, including for conservation and reforestation

15.c enhance support to developing countries efforts to combat poaching and illegal trafficking of endangered species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

Proposed goal 16. Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice for all, and effective and capable institutions

16.1 by 2030 reduce levels of violence and halve related death rates everywhere

16.2 end abuse, exploitation, and violence against children everywhere

16.3 by 2030 reduce illicit financial flows by x% globally, increase stolen asset recovery and return by y% globally, fight all forms of organized crime, and reduce corruption and bribery in all its forms and at all levels and ensure accountability and transparency

16.4 by 2030 increase inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels and ensure prior informed consent of indigenous and local communities in decision-making and natural resources management, and promote the use of their traditional knowledge and culture

16.5 by 2030 provide equal access for all to independent, effective,and responsive justice systems and promote the rule of law

16.6 by 2020 provide legal identity for all, including free birth registrations

16.7 promote free and easy access to information, freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly

16.8 broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in international economic and financial decision making and norm setting

16.a develop effective, accountable and transparent public institutions at all levels including security and police forces

16.b strengthen national institutions and international cooperation to combat crimes, including illicit flows and organized crime

Proposed goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and the global partnership for sustainable development *

Trade

17.1 promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system

17.2 improve market access for exports of developing countries, in particular Least Developed Countries, African countries, LLDCs and SIDS with a view to significantly increasing their share in global exports, including doubling the LDC share by 2020

17.3 realize timely implementation of duty-free, quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries consistent with WTO decisions and the Istanbul Programme of Action

Finance

17.4 developed countries implement fully ODA commitments to provide 0.7% of GNI in ODA to developing countries of which 0.15-0.20% to least-developed countries on an agreed timeline

17.5 strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to improve domestic capacity for tax collection, and mobilize additional international financial resources from multiple sources

17.6 assist developing countries in attaining long term debt sustainability

Technology

17.7 promote North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international collaboration on and access to science, technology and innovation, and enhance knowledge sharing, including through a possible UN global technology facilitation mechanism

17.8 promote transfer and dissemination of clean and environmentally sound technologies to developing countries, and encourage the full use of TRIPS flexibilities

17.9 fully operationalize the Technology Bank and STI (Science, Technology and Innovation) Capacity Building Mechanism for LDCs by 2017

Capacity building

17.10 develop and implement effective and targeted capacity building programmes in developing countries in support of national plans for implementing all sustainable development goals

Policy and institutional coherence

17.11 enhance global macroeconomic policy coordination and policy coherence in support of sustainable development

17.12 respect each country’s policy space with respect to establishing and implementing policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development

Multi-stakeholder partnerships

17.13 support current broad-based multi-stakeholder partnerships and encourage new ones that mobilize knowledge, expertise, technologies and financial resources to support the achievement of sustainable development goals in all countries, particularly developing countries

17.14 encourage and promote public, public-private, and private special funds and foundations, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships such as GFATM, GEF, GAVI, BMGF, SE4All, EWEC

Data, monitoring and accountability

17.15 by 2020, increase significantly the availability of high-quality and timely data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts, with capacity building support to developing countries, especially LDCs

17.16 undertake regular voluntary monitoring and reporting of progress on SDGs, led by governments, within a shared accountability framework, including means of implementation, the global partnership among Member States and multi-stakeholder initiatives and partnerships

17.17 by 2030 develop and progressively introduce a broader system of national accounting including natural, social and human capital and measures of progress beyond GDP, with supportive statistical capacity building in developing countries

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